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Ingestion Methods and Strains


Different ways to medicate with cannabis:









Concentrates are the collected resin glands, called trichomes of the cannabis flower. The potency of concentrates  is significantly higher than flowers allowing someone to smoke much less plant material. They can be extracted by sieving them through a silkscreen, which creates Kief, which can be smoked alone or added to joints or other forms of cannabis. They can also be processed using cold water and silkscreen’s to produce hashish. Kief can also be pressed to form hashish. There are also solvent based extracts, including alcohol, butane, ether, and CO2. The solvent based extracts tend to have the highest amount of THC although the best cold water hash can approach levels of 50+% THC.

At the Seattle Medical Marijuana association (SMMA) we have several different designations for the various types of concentrates. Butane hash oil (BHO) is a solvent derived extract, which is usually food grade butane. Although we are increasingly seeing Hash oil being made with CO2. The advantage of solvent extracted hash is that the solvents pull a higher THC percentage per gram out of the plant material. THC percentages as high as 70% and higher are seen with solvent concentrates. The other two main classes of hash seen are dry sieved and pressed kief and cold water extraction. With the dry process, plant material is rubbed or agitated mechanically over a silkscreen. The resulting trichomes may be pressed with or without heat to produce hash. There are several pressing methods including high pressure jacks specially modified to press the kief into hash. With cold water hash, commonly referred to as “Bubble Hash,” plant material is agitated with cold water and ice. The resulting slurry is passed through an increasingly smaller set of silkscreens. There are 2, 3, and 5-7 screen systems/methods. The final screen generally contains the highest quality hash. After scraping the wet hash off the screen, it needs to dried for 2-3 weeks. Amongst the cold water we have several different designations. Full Melt hash does exactly that; it melts into a liquid under heat. Bubble hash will bubble but not melt completely. Hash will burn but not bubble or melt, although it can still have a high percentage of THC.


Clear Concentrates


Granulated Bubble Hash



Kief refers to the resin glands (or trichomes) of cannabis which may accumulate in containers or be sifted from loose dry cannabis flower with a mesh screen or sieve. Kief contains a much higher concentration of psychoactive cannabinoids, such as THC, than that of the cannabis flowers from which it is derived. Kief can be sprinkled on top of flower, added to a joint, or smoked by itself.




Rick Simpson Oil


Co2 Oil


Butane Hash Oil (BHO)


WARNING! As with all medications, PLEASE keep away from pets and children!

Ingesting cannabis:

Ingesting cannabis has many benefits over smoking it, the most important of which is the bypass of dangerous chemicals entering the respiratory system. Carcinogens and tars are largely left behind in the preparation for eating and are not released into the lungs. Also, ingesting it leads to a markedly different experience from smoking. Eating cannabis-infused preparations usually leads to a longer, stronger, and much more physical high than smoking alone. Although eating is a perfectly viable way of absorbing cannabis into the bloodstream, higher amounts of the drug must be used in a cooking preparation in order to make the product effective.

Smoking delivers more THC to your neuron’s synapse quicker, via direct contact to your lungs alveoli therefore blocking dopamine quicker. Ingesting it causes the THC to be put into the bloodstream via digestion, therefore delivering smaller doses in a longer span of time. That’s why smoking it lasts 1-2 hours but eating it can last up to 8.


Vaporization is an alternative to burning (smoking) that avoids the production of irritating toxic and carcinogenic by-products by heating the material so its active compounds boil off into a vapor. No combustion occurs, so no smoke or taste of smoke is present. Vapor ideally contains virtually zero particulate matter or tar, and significantly lower concentrations of noxious gases such as carbon monoxide. Vaporizers contain various forms of extraction chambers including straight bore, venturi, or sequential venturi, and are made of materials such as metal or glass. The extracted vapor may be collected in a jar or inflatable bag, or inhaled directly through a hose or pipe. With little to no smoke produced and cooler temperatures, less material is required to achieve a given level of effect. Hence, the irritating and harmful effects of smoking are reduced as is secondhand smoke.


In conclusion, ingesting cannabis is a different and healthier alternative for those who use it for medicinal purposes. Once again, the versatility of the cannabis plant will always show its true colors.

Possible Side Effects of Cannabis
There are some effects of cannabis that are not beneficial and can be diminished through awareness.
Cannabis may cause dizziness while standing due to lowered blood pressure.
Initial increase in heart rate / blood pressure may be problematic for those with heart conditions or severe anxiety.
Cannabis may cause a decrease in coordination and cognition.
Potential short term memory loss while medicated.
There are no significant withdrawal effects when cannabis medicine is decreased or stopped. However symptom relief will also be reduced or stopped.
Effects vary from person to person.

Safe Use of Cannabis
Do not drive or operate heavy machinery if impaired by cannabis. Indicas can be especially sedating.
Cannabis mixed with alcohol may cause vomiting and nausea.
Those receiving digitalis or other cardiac medications should only use cannabis under careful medical supervision.
Heavy smoking with no harm reduction techniques may lead to respiratory irritation.
If you share joints or other inhaling devices please hold them so lips do not touch the vessel of delivery.
Beware of mold and fungi.
It is illegal in the United States to possess cultivate or distribute medicinal cannabis under federal law.
Choose organic cannabis whenever possible, especially for those with compromised immune systems.

Knowing Your Medication
Sativa plants have less chlorophyll than the Indica counterpart. It has a higher THC content to Cannabidiol (CBD) ratio and offers a much more energetic type of mood. Sativa is used most commonly to elevate a depressed mood. Generally speaking the Sativa plant is the taller and lankier variety, reaching heights of over 5-6 meters. It is characterized by narrow serrated leaves and loose spear like flower clusters that can be extremely resinous.

Primarily the effects of Sativas are on the mind and emotions. In this regard they tend to be more stimulating, uplifting, energizing, and creativity enhancing. These benefits can be particularly helpful for the psychological component of many illnesses. Sativas are generally better for daytime use.

Some benefits:
Reduces depression
Relieves headaches and migraines
Energizes and stimulates
Reduces awareness of pain
Increases focus and creativity
Reduces nausea
Stimulates appetite

Indica has a higher CBD content to THC ratio and induces a more relaxing mood. This is a treatment for anxiety, pain, tremors and many more applications. Indica is most commonly used to induce appetite. Indica plants are normally shorter and stockier plants, reaching 1-2 meters in height and have wide deeply serrated leaves and a compact and dense flower cluster.

The effects of Indicas are predominantly physical although the relief of certain physical symptoms can have an emotional result as well. These effects can be characterized as relaxing, sedating and pain reducing. Indicas are generally best for later in the day or before bed.

Some benefits:
Reduces pain
Relaxes muscles
Relieves spasms
Reduces inflammation
Assist in sleep
Reduces anxiety and stress
Reduces nausea
Stimulates appetite
Relieves headaches and migraines
Reduces pressure inside the eye
Anti-convulsing agent
Reduces seizure frequency

However, many of today’s strains have been cross-bred between the two offering the benefits of both strains while reducing the lesser desired effects of the other. Please feel free to ask our knowledgeable staff about what may best help your condition.